Naples is the third largest cities in Italy with population of 980,000 people, although the sprawl beyond its boundaries means that it greater metropolitan area contains more than 3.1 million people. The City is the capital of Campania and is one of the oldest occupied sites in the world with records going back to the Bronze Age. The City is located on the coast in the South of Italy, and much of its success has arrived as a result of the business of the Port of Naples. The GDP of the city is the 4th largest in Italy and is ranked the 103rd of all world cities. After the fall of the Roman Empire Naples firstly served as the capital of the Kingdom of Naples up until 1816, and became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy. The city was the most heavily bombed Italian city during the Second World War and after great reconstruction has taken place.
The city hosts many tourists each year as it is surrounded by great history and culture. It has the ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum on its door step, and the Vesuvius Volcano holds a hovering presence barely 8 km away. It is also a gateway to Sicily and the popular Island of Capri. One of the most powerful industrial cities in the north of the country is Turin. It is the 4th largest city with a population of 900,000 people and is the capital of Piedmont. Its economic importance resulted in it being appointed the first Capital of Italy between 1861 and 1865, before the position was given to Rome.
The City has been inhabited for over 2000 years and has been controlled for various periods by the Romans, and the French. At the end of the 19th century it became the centre of industrialization in the region and in particular it attracted the car industries. Fiat and Lancia all built factories and its car manufacturing reputation was cemented when Mussolini instructed the army to build their vehicles in the city. As a result the city experienced heavy allied bombing in the war and at the end of the conflict the city had suffered great damage.
The rebuilding of the city and its industrial base was rapid, and the role of the car and oil industries were pivotal. Huge numbers of immigrants were attracted into the city as the “economic miracle” gathered pace in the 1950s and the 1960s. It recent years the city did experience a decline but it is still an important center for economic activity in the country and is still the home to the Italian car industry. The city now has a lighter and more diversified economic base and attracts many tourists who enjoy the culture and heritage of the city and its region.
Palermo may not be the largest city in Italy yet it still of major importance as it is the capital city of Sicily. The city supports a population of 860,000 people who speak both Italian and the Sicilian Language. The city has been controlled by the Greeks, the Romans, the Germans and even the Arabs which has all left an impression on the city’s culture. The city became part of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies from 1815 until 1860 when he then became part of unified Italy.
Palermo has grown economically as a result of it being the administrative headquarters of the Island, with many people being employed in associated jobs. It also has been the centre of the Islands industrial base with many of the traditional industries being associated with agricultural and ship building. More recently there has been more economic growth in commerce and tourism. However the city is constantly try to fight off its reputation as being the home of the criminal family, the Sicilian mafia that has been operating on the Island for many years.